Geophysical research in Thailand are relatively new due to the lack of fund to obtain geophysical equipments and the lack of experts in this field although there are much need of the research in this field to solve various kind of problems in the country. For example, geophysical studies can be used to help detect, monitor, analyze and resolve the environmental problems, such as the contaminations of subsurface groundwater and soil, the minefield near the Thai-border that had been installed during the war, the drought due to lack of rain and limited surface water in some parts of Thailand, and the need of groundwater in such area.
Not only the environmental problems, Thailand is facing the geo-hazard from the tectonically active region in the northern and western parts of Thailand. In this area, several active faults have been detected, and large numbers of earthquakes have occurred. Recent studies on active faults in western Thailand indicate that occurrences of earthquakes with magnitudes greater than 6 on the Richter scale in the area are possible and could cause severe damage to big cities located nearby. Even though there is a threat from “possible large” earthquakes, studies on active fault zones in Thailand are still minimal.
With all of these in mind, the Geophysics research group at Faculty of Science, Mahidol University is founded with the objective of being the “leader” in geophysical studies in Thailand. Our research focus can be divided into 5 main topics as shown below. The background knowledge for most of these topics is basic physics, basic mathematics, basic computer, geology and geophysics in order to conduct the experiment and interpretation. Some topics will require more advances in mathematics and physics. Physics students are required to take some class in geology and geophysics. Geology students are required to take basic physics, basic mathematic, basic computer, and geophysics. Mathematic students are required to take basic physics, geology and geophysics.
- Crustal Scale Lithospheric and Regional Tectonic Studies
- Archaeological and Environmental Studies using Geophysical techniques
- Implement and Development of Geophysical Inversion Methods
- Petroleum and Mineral Exploration
- Physics of the Earth and other Planets